Research and Professional Experience

1986- Present

Professor, Ain Shams University, Arid Land Agricultural Graduate Studies and Research Institute (ALARI), Egypt.

2003- Present

Chairman of the International Drylands Development Commission (IDDC).

2009- Present

Chair of Food and Agriculture Council, Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology.

2014- 2018

Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) of the Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South (COMSATS).

2011- 2015

President of the Governing Board of the International Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM).

2009- 2013

Board Member of the Council of the World Academy of Sciences for the Advancment of science in  Developing Countries (TWAS).

2007- 2011

Chair of the Agricultural Research and Development Council (ARDC), Egypt.

2008- 2011

Chair of Agricultural Research and Development Fund (ARDF), Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

2007- 2010

Board Member and Vice Chair of the Global Crop Diversity Trust.

2006- 2010

Chair of the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR).

1995 - 2006

Director General of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).

2002- 2006

Chair of the Global Consortium to Re-Build Agriculture in Afghanistan.

2003 - 2005

Chair of the Center Directors Committee (CDC) Integrated Natural Resource
Management (INRM) steering committee, CGIAR.

1999 - 2006

Chair, CDC Task-Force for Central Asia and the Caucasus of Central and West
Asia and North Africa (CWANA).

1993 - 1995

Board Chairman, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

1991 - 1993

Director, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

1991 - 1995

General Supervisor of the Desert Research Center.

1990 - 1995

Director of the National Agriculture Research Project (NARP), Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

1987 - 1994

Chair of National Committee for Protected Agriculture, Egypt.

1988 - 1990

First Under Secretary of State for Land Reclamation, Minister's Office & Supervisor of Foreign Agricultural Relations, Egyptian International Center for Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

1987 - 1988

Under Secretary of State for Land Reclamation, Minister's Office, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

1985 - 1986

Visiting Professor, Biology Department College of Science, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA.

1976 - 1986

Lecturer, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Horticulture, Arid Land Agriculture (Lab.), Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

1974 – 1976

Research Associate, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom.

1965 – 1976

Demonstrator, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Horticulture, Ain Shams University, Egypt.